If you are injured in a car accident and need medical care and income benefits, you must first collect benefits from sources other than ICBC. This is because ICBC is a secondary insurer.
If you have access to other benefits, your ICBC Accident Benefits will be reduced by the amount you receive from those other sources.
For more information on ICBC Accident Benefits see:
As either an innocent victim of a car accident or the person who caused it, you may be eligible to receive benefit coverage for medical care, rehabilitation and income loss due to disability from sources other than ICBC.
The most common sources of other benefits include:
For examples outlining your entitlement to ICBC Accident Benefits, in addition to other benefits you may be receiving for income loss due to disability, see: Calculating ICBC Benefits for Income Loss and Homemaker Expenses.
If you were employed at the time of the accident you may be entitled to sick pay through your employment or union contract. Beyond that, you might have access to extended health benefits in a private/group plan for medical care and rehabilitation, and/or short- and long-term benefits for income loss due to disability.
Your specific private/group plan coverage will vary from other plans. You should obtain a full copy of your plan from the plan administrator or directly from your insurer.
With private/group plans, you usually begin receiving your benefits quickly, for example within one week. Before they pay you your benefits, some private/group plans require you to sign an agreement, known as a subrogation agreement, stating that you will repay them if you settle or are awarded damages from a Personal Injury Claim. Seek legal advice before signing any such agreement. At our personal injury law firm, we have seen situations where the “agreement” asked for repayment that was not actually required.
For more information on making these claims, see: Making a Personal Injury Claim – Innocent Victims of Accidents.
EI sickness benefits are provided by Service Canada on behalf of Human Resources Development Canada. These benefits are a type of special benefits provided to people who cannot work because of sickness or injury.
For more detail, visit the Service Canada web site at http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/sc/ei/benefits/sickness.shtml
EI Sickness Benefit: Sickness benefits qualifying period and duration
EI sickness benefits have a 14-day qualifying period and are usually paid within 28 days. This means your eligibility begins on the fifteenth day, and you will likely not receive your first payment for up to two weeks later.
However, you may receive ICBC Accident Benefits after one week while you wait for the EI sickness benefit to kick-in. EI sickness benefits last for a maximum of 15 weeks.
EI Sickness Benefit: Eligibility requirements
To be eligible for EI sickness benefits you must show that:
In addition to those two requirements, you must obtain a medical certificate confirming the duration of your inability to work. You must prove that you are unable to work, as well as that you would have been available for work but for your injuries.
EI Sickness Benefit: Basic benefit rate and maximum total benefit
The basic benefit rate for EI sickness benefits is 55% of your average insured earnings up to a maximum of $53,100 – or $562 per week (as of Jan 1, 2019).
Taxes will be deducted from the amount you receive.
You may be able to receive more than the $562 weekly maximum if you are a low-income family who makes less than $25,921, and either you or your spouse receives a child tax benefit (entitling you to the Family Supplement).
You may work while receiving EI sickness benefits, but the amount you make will be deducted dollar-for-dollar from your benefits.
EI Sickness Benefit: Regular EI and sickness benefits
There are two ways you might be able to receive regular EI and sickness benefits: if you are already on regular EI when were you injured, and if your sickness benefits run out and you are still unable to return to work, (but only as long as you were eligible for regular benefits prior to your accident).
This means you might be able to receive up to 50 weeks of benefits. In the event you do receive both regular and sickness benefits, at tax time you might be required to repay some of your regular EI benefits.
EI Sickness Benefit: EI sickness benefits and Canada Pension Plan (CPP) disability benefits
You may apply for and receive both CPP disability benefits and EI sickness benefits without either benefit amount being reduced.
Canada Pension Plan (CPP) disability benefits are for income loss due to disability. These benefits are available to people who made CPP contributions while they were working and then became unable to work. Provided through Service Canada, the primary purpose of the benefits is to “replace a portion of employment earning for people who recently paid into the CPP.”
For more information visit http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/sc/cpp/disability/disabilitypension.shtml.
CPP Disability Benefits: Eligibility requirements
There are three conditions of eligibility for CPP disability benefits:
CPP Disability Benefits: Your disability must be both severe and prolonged
In order to meet the definition of “disabled”, your disability must be both “severe” and “prolonged”.
You will not automatically meet this definition simply because you qualify for disability/income loss benefits through other sources, as there is no commonly agreed upon definition of “disabled”.
In determining eligibility for CPP benefits, “severe” is defined as preventing you from doing your former job, or any other job, on a regular basis. “Prolonged” means that your disability is likely to be long-term, of indefinite duration or is likely to result in death.
CPP Disability Benefits: Prior CPP contributions and the minimum qualifying period
In order to be eligible to receive CPP disability benefits you must have made a certain number of CPP contributions.
In order to make a CPP contribution, you must have made more than $3,500 (in 2019) and contributed prior to becoming disabled for either four of the last six years; or for at least 25 years, including three of the last six years.
The amount of your contributions are calculated by using 5.10% of your annual income, as long as it is greater than $3,500, up to a maximum of $57,400 (in 2019).
If you are self-employed, you would have had to pay 10.2% instead of the 5.10%. For more information on benefits for self-employed workers see: Claiming ICBC Benefits for Income Loss, Self-Employed and Service Industry Workers.
If you are unsure whether you have made the required contributions, contact Service Canada at 1-800-227-9914 for English, 1-800-277-9915 for French, and 1-800-255-4786 for TTY, or use their online service to view and print an official copy of your most up-to-date statement of contributions at http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/isp/common/proceed/socinfo.shtml.
CPP Disability Benefits: Calculating your monthly benefit
Once you have met both the definition of disabled and the minimum qualifying period requirements, your past contributions are used to calculate your monthly benefit. Everyone receives a fixed amount plus an amount based on their prior CPP contributions during their entire working career.
Your CPP benefits are taxable and continue until you are able to return to work at any job on a regular basis, or until you turn 65, whichever is shorter.
On average, in 2018 people received $971.23 and the highest amount paid was $1,335.83.
Every January there may be a cost-of-living increase to the benefit.
CPP Disability Benefits: CPP benefits after age 65
After age 65, you will begin receiving your CPP retirement pension. Your pension amount is usually less than the CPP disability benefits you may have been receiving, but you may also be eligible for the Old Age Security pension and possibly the Guaranteed Income Supplement.
To apply for CPP disability benefits visit the Service Canada web site for an online application kit at http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/isp/cpp/disabforms.shtml.
CPP Disability Benefits: Waiting period
Once you submit a completed application for disability benefits, Service Canada may take up to 120 calendar days (four months) to reach a decision on eligibility.
Additional information may be requested, which can further delay the decision.
CPP Disability Benefits: And other benefits
CPP Disability Benefits are paid regardless of any other benefits you may be receiving.
CPP provides a benefit to all eligible contributors even if you also receive benefits for income loss due to disability from other sources.
You may receive benefits from a private insurer or a provincial social assistance program while CPP processes your application.
ICBC Accident Benefits will be reduced by the amount of CPP disability benefits you may receive beyond 104 weeks of being disabled and unable to work.
Provincial disability benefits are provided through the B.C. Employment and Assistance (BCEA) for Disabilities Program.
This program includes income support benefits for Persons with Disabilities (PWD) and Persons with Persistent Multiple Barriers (PPMB).
For more information visit the B. C. Ministry and Housing and Social Development website at http://www.hsd.gov.bc.ca/pwd.htm.
Provincial Disability Benefits: Persons with Disabilities (PWD)
Based on the legislation, a person with disabilities is defined as “a person who is at least 18 years of age, with a severe physical or mental impairment that is expected to continue for at least two years”, and who:
Provincial Disability Benefits: Persons with Disabilities (PWD) benefit amount
Based on 2018 amounts, a single individual with disabilities received $758.42 in support, plus $375 toward shelter payments, and for a total of $1,133.42 per month. (Benefit payments begin in the month following your designation as an eligible recipient, which means you do not receive payment for the month in which you are designated a person with disabilities.)
A couple where one partner was disabled received $1,497.56per month; and a couple where both partners were persons with disabilities received $1,973.06.
For current rates, visit the B.C. Ministry of Housing and Social Development website and see the Fact Sheet on income assistance rates at http://www.hsd.gov.bc.ca/factsheets/2004/DisabilityAssist.htm
Provincial Disability Benefits: Earnings exemption
There is an earnings exemption if you are not expected to become financially independent.
Those receiving PWD benefits who are not expected to become financially independent are entitled to an earnings exemption.
It is not clear how this earnings exemption would affect your eligibility for other benefits and you should seek legal advice before pursuing part-time employment. The monthly limits in 2018 were:
For more information on earnings exemptions visit http://www.hsd.gov.bc.ca/factsheets/2006/Earnings_Exemption.htm